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a\p-jy\v \nXy Pohn-X-¯n-te-¡pÅ hgn imkv{Xw Xpd-¡ptam? þteJ\w

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{Itbm-Wn-Ivkv _tbm-fPn--

{Itbm-Wn-Ivkv _tbm-fPn Fó imkv{X imJ a\p-jysâ \nXy Pohn-X-¯n-te-¡pÅ ]mX-bpsS Bcw-`-ambn k¦ð¸n-¡p-óp. AsX, a\p-jysâ \nXy-X-bn-te-¡pÅ aWn apg¡w.

196 Un{Kn skðjy-knð a\p-jy icocw ac-hn-¸n¨p kq£n-¡pó \qtdm Aªqtdm hÀj-§Ä¡v tijw Hcp ico-c-¯n\v Poh³ hbv¡p-óp. AXmWv "{Itbm-Wn-Ivkv _tbm-fPn" Fó imkv{X imJ-bpsS ASn-Øm-\w.

\qäqïp Imes¯ KmV \n{Zbv¡v tijw \n§Ä DW-cp-óp. \n§-fpsS angn-IÄ sasñ Xpd-¡póp. icocw apgp-h³ XWp-¯p ac-hn-¨n-cn-¡p-óp. kÔn _Ô-§-fn-eqsS XWp¸v Xpf¨p Ib-dpóp. iq\ym-Imi kôm-cn-bpsS hkv{Xw [cn¨ Hcp a\p-jy³ ap¼nð \nð¡p-óp. ]pôncn XqIn sImïv At±lw ]d-bpóp. ""25 mw \qäm-ïn-te¡v kzmKXw''. CsXmcp imkv{X km¦ð¸nI IY-bm-Wóp tXmómw. Fómð Kth-j-W-§Ä B hgn¡v \o§n Ignªp.

C§s\ hnZqc `mhn-bnð Poh³ h¨v DbÀs¯-gp-tóð¡p-hm³ sImXn-¡pó At\Imbn-c-§Ä AXn-\mbn ]Ww apS¡n¡gnªp. AXn\mbn I¼-\n-Ifpw Øm]n-¡-s¸«p Ign-ªp.- \qtdm Ccp-óqtdm hÀj-§Ä¡v tijw \n§Ä Poh³ h¨v Ggp-tóð¡p-óp. a\p-jy `mh\bv¡v t]mepw Nn´n-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡m¯ a[pc {]Xo-£-IÄ.

{Itbm-Wn-Ivkv _tbm-fPn 1956 ð Xsó ]T\w Bcw-`n¨p. aqcn-bpsS _oPw ac-hn-¸n¨p kq£n¡pó hnZy Bbn-cpóp BZyw Iïp ]nSn-¨-Xv. ]nóoSv 1964 ð ""tdm_À«v Fän§À'' Fó Ata-cn-¡³ imkv{X-Ú³ a\p-jys\ ac-hn-¸n¨v kq£n¸n¡mw Fó Bibw At±-l-¯nsâ Prospects of immortaltiy (A-a-cXz-¯nsâ km[y-X-IÄ) Fó ]pkvX-I-¯n-eqsS {]Im-i\w sNbvXp.

{Itbm-Wn-Ivkv imkv{X hnZy

ac-W-s¸« hyàn-bpsS icocw F{Xbpw thKw {Itbm-WnIv em_n-se-¯n-¡p-óp. DS³ Xsó càw Duän Ifª tijw ¥nk-tdmÄ ASn-Øm\-am-b Bâo {^okÀ kón-th-in-¸n-¡p-óp. an\n-äp-IÄ¡pÅnð icocw 196 Un{Kn skðjy-kv ioXo-I-cn-¡p-óp. Cu Dujvamhv \nÀ®m-b-I-am-Wv. CXv {ZmhI ss\{S-P³ t_mbn-enwMv t]mbnâv BWv. {ZmhI ss\{S-P-\nð ico-c-¯n\v bmsXmcp hn[ tISp-]m-Sp-Itfm hnL-S-\tam kw`-hn-¡n-ñ. ac-hn-¸n¨ tijw icocw Hcp Ìoð t]S-I-¯n\Ån-em¡n `{Z-ambn AS-bv¡p-óp. ]nóoSv \qäm-ïp-Itfmfw AXv ASªp Xsó Ccn-¡pw. 196 Un{Kn skðjyknð Xsó.

{]Xo£

`mhn-bnse imkv{X-¯n\v Cu hyàn-bpsS ico-c-¯nse tISmb tImi-§tfm Snjyq-Itfm am{X-añ B´-cm-h-b-h-§Ä hscbpw \óm-¡p-hmt\m amän hbv¡p-hmt\m km[n¡pw F-ó ip`m]vXn hnizm-k-amWv Cu kwcw-`-¯nsâ {]Xo-£. CXp km[y-am-bmepw acn¨ Hcp hyàn¡v F{]Imcw Poh³ hbv¸n¡pw Fó tNmZyw Ah-ti-jn-¡p-óp. Fómð lrZb kv]µ\w \ne¨p Ignªpw `qcn`mKw icoc tImi-§fpw Snjyq-Ifpw bmsXmcp tISpw IqSmsX Ccn-¡p-óXv sImïv CXp km[y-amIpw FómWv imkv{X-Ú-òmÀ A`n-{]m-b-s¸-Sp-ó-Xv. acWw kw`-hn¨ DS³ X-só ioXo-I-c-W-¯n-te¡p amän-bm³ CXp km[y-am-Ip-saóv ChÀ hniz-kn-¡p-óp. am{X-añ \mt\m sSIvt\mfPn D]-tbm-Kn¨p \nÀ½n-¡pó Xòm{X hen¸w am{X-apÅ tdmt_mÀ«pIð ico-c-¯n\pÅnð ISóv tISmb tImi-§Ä \óm-¡n-sb-Sp-¡pw. AXy-´m-[q\nI imkv{Xo-tbm-]I-c-W§Ä, I¼yq-«-dp-IÄ Ch-sbñmw CXn\v klm-bn-¡pw.

Fómð icocw apgp-h-\mbn inXo-I-cn¨v kq£n-t¡ï Bh-iyanñ in-c-tkm, akvXn-jvItam am{Xw aXn Fó-`n-{]m-b-apÅ imkv{X-Ú-òm-cp-ap-ïv ImcWw akvXn-j-I-¯nse UnF³-F-bnð \nóv AtX Bfns\ t¢m¬ sNbvXv FSp-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡pw.

]nsó F´n\v icocw apgp-h\pw henb Nnehv sNbvXv kq£n-¡póp FómWv ChÀ tNmZn-¡p-ó-Xv. am{X-añ \qäm-ïp-IÄ ac-hn-¸n¨p kq£n-¡p-t¼mÄ B´-cm-h-b-h-§Ä¡v tISp kw`-hn¡mw AXp-sImïv aXn-jvItam ico-ctam am{Xw kq£n-¡p-ó-XmWv DNn-X-saópw ChÀ hmZn-¡p-óp.

1992 ð Hcp Ipc-§ns\ t_m[w -sI-Sp-¯nb tijw {Itbm-WnIv t]S-I-¯n-em-¡n. Aôp aWn¡qÀ t\cw ico-c-¯nsâ kIe {]hÀ¯-\-§fpw \ne-¨n-cpóp AXn\v tijw B Ipc-§ns\ ]p\ÀÖ-\n-¸n-¨p.

]nóoSv Hcp ]«nsb 10 aWn-¡qÀ t\cw CXp-t]mse ]co-£W hnt[-b-am-¡n. lrZ-b-¯nsâ {]hÀ¯-\hpw Cu kabw \ne-¨n-cp-óp. AXn\v tijw \mbsb ]p\ÀP-\n-¸n-¨p.

Cu imkv-{X imJ-bnð kwi-bm-ep-¡-fmb imkv{X-Ú-òm-cp-ïv. `uXn-I-amb DbnÀ¸v km[y-am-bmepw AXn\v tijw X-sâ bYmÀ° hyànXzw \ne-\nð¡ptam FómWv Ch-cpsS kwi-bw. a\pjy akvXn-jvI-¯nsâ {]hÀ¯-\w, {]tXy-In¨pw HmÀ½-IÄ F{]-Imcw \ne-\nð-¡póp Ch-sbñmw Cópw icoc imkv{X-¯nse Hcp \nKqV cl-kyamWv. HmÀ½ FóXv Hcp sshZypX kv]µ\w BsW¦nð AXv AkvX-an-¨n-cn-¡pw. At¸mÄ {Itbm-WnIv a\p-jy³ BZy-ambn P\n¨ Ip«n-sb-t¸mse Bbn-cn¡pw Fsóms¡bm-Wv Cu imkv{XÚòm-cpsS hne-bn-c-p-¯ð. ImcWw `uXn-I-ambn Poh³ {]Jym-]n-s¨-¦nepw ]g-b-sXmópw ChÀ¡v HmÀ½n-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡-n-ñtñm. am{X-añ HmÀ½ In«n-bmð ]gb _Ô-§-fsS HmÀ½-I-sfñmw Chsc ZpxJn-X-cm¡pw Fsóm-s¡-bmWv C¡q-«-cpsS hmZw.

Cón-t¸mÄ [mcmfw t{Imtbm-WnIv I¼-\n-IÄ Ata-cn-¡-bnð Øm]n-X-ambn Ign-ªp. anjnK-WnepÅ {Itbm-WnIv C³Ìn-äyq-«nð Cu imkv{X imJ-bpsS D]-Úm-Xm-hmb tdm_À«v FänwMdpw At±-l¯nsâ IpSpw-_mw-K-§-fp-tSXpapÄs¸sS \qtdmfw icoc-§Ä Hcp-tISpw IqSmsX kq£n-¨n-cn¡p-óp. am{Xañ aäv At\Iw I¼-\n-Ifpw cwK-¯p-ïv. icocw sam¯-ambn kq£n-¡p-ó-Xn\v 140000 tUmfÀ BWv ^okv. inc-Ên\p am{X-ambn 40000 tUmf-dpw. Fómð Fñm I¼-\n-Ifpw em`w t\m¡n-bñ {]hÀ¯n-¡p-ó-Xv. anjnKWnse {ItbmWnIv C³Ìn-äyq-«nð 28000 tUmfÀ am{X-amWv ^okv.

acn-¡p-hm³ Ah-Im-i-anñ

1990 sk]väw-_-dnð Imen-t^mÀWnbm-bnð 46 hb-ÊpÅ tXmakv sU\mÄk¬ Fó KWnXÚ³ Hcp \nba bp²-¯nð ]cm-P-b-s¸-«p. {_bn³ SyqaÀ _m[n¨ Ct±lw acn-¡p-ó-Xn\v ap³]v Xsâ inckv {Itbm-WnIv tNw_-dn-em-¡m³ A\p-h-Zn-¡-W-saóv tImS-Xn-bnð At]£ \ðIn. Fómð tImSXn Cu Bhiyw \ncm-I-cn-¨p. \ne-hn-epÅ \nbaw A\p-k-cn¨v CXn\v klm-bn-¡pó hyàn-I-fpsS tað sIme-¡päw DÄs¸-sS-bpÅ tIkpIÄ NmÀPv sN¿m-Xn-cn¡p-hm³ km[y-añ Fóv tImSXn Adn-bn-¨p. Bb-Xn-\mð At±-l-¯n\v Cu bXv\w Dt]-£n-t¡ïn hóp.

GXm-bmepw {Itbm-WnIv kmt¦-XnI hnZy a\p-jy\v henb ip`m]vXn hnizm-k-amWv \ðIp-ó-Xv. {Itbm-WnIv I¼-\n-I-fnð cPn-ÌÀ sN¿p-ó-h-cm-Is« \qtdm Aªqtdm hÀj-§Ä¡p-Ånð hoïpw Pohn-¡pw AXn-\pÅ hgn-IÄ imkv{Xw Xpd¡pw Fó D¯a hnizm-k¯n-em-Wv.

Readers Comments

ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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