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apw-ss_-sb X-IÀ-¯ ta-a³ Ip-Spw-_-¯n-sâ I-Y; A-t[m-tem-I-¯p-\n-óv Xo-{h-hm-Z-¯n-te¡v; kn-\n-a-I-sf-t¸m-epw A-Xn-i-bn-¸n-¡p-ó Ip-Spw-_-hm-gv-N-bp-sS I-Y C-óp-ap-Xð

Britishmalayali
kz´wteJI³

At[mtemIs¯ sR«n¸n¡pó IYIfpambn ]pd¯nd§nbn«pÅ Ht«sd kn\naIÄ \mw CXn\Iw Iïn«pïv. t_mfnhpUpw {In¡äpsams¡ kt½fn¡pó At[mtemI¯p\nóv apwss_sb XIÀs¯dnª kv-t^mS\ ]c¼cbpsS kq{X[mc\mbn hfÀó ssSKÀ taasâ IY sR«n¸n¡póXmWv. bm¡q_v taasâ h[in£tbmsS hoïpw hmÀ¯Ifnð \ndªp\nð¡pó taa³ IpSpw_s¯¡pdn¨pÅ IYIÄ CópapXð hmbn¡mw.

C´y³ clkymt\zjW hn`mK¯nsâ F¡mes¯bpw henb hnPbw FómWv apwss_ kv-t^mS\t¡Ênð taa³ IpSpw_¯nsâ ]¦v Isï¯nb kw`hw hntijn¸n¡s¸«Xv. 1993 amÀ¨v 12-\v \Só kv-t^mS\ ]c¼cbv¡v ]nónð ]m¡nØmsâ ]¦mfn¯hpw AhcpsS KqVmtemN\bv-s¡m¸w \nó taa³ IpSpw_hpw sshImsX Xsó shfns¸«p.]mIv Nmc kwLS\bmb sFFkv-sFbpsS ]n´pWtbmsS C´ybnð Xo{hhmZ kwLS\IÄ thcpd¸n¡pó ImewIqSnbmbncpóp AXv. apwss_ kv-t^mS\¯n\v sXm«p]nómse, C´ybnte¡v kv-t^mSI hkvXp¡fpambn hcnIbmbncpó I¸ð se_\okv Xoc kwc£W tk\ ]nSns¨Sp¯ncpóp. `oIcÀ C´ybnð IqSpXð B{IaW§Ä¡v ]²XnbnSpIbmbncpópshópw CtXsmS sXfnªp.
A´mcm{ã _ÔapÅ Xo{hhmZs¯¡pdn¨v C´y³ clkymt\zjW GP³kn At\zjWw \S¯póXpw AXnsâ Xp¼pIÄ Isï¯póXpw apwss_ kv-t^mS\t¡tÊmsSbmWv. Xo{hhmZ¯n\v ]pdsa IÅ¡S¯pw am^nb _Ô§fpw lhme CS]mSpIfpw ab¡pacpóv irwJeIfpsams¡ DÄs¸«Xmbncpóp Cu At\zjW¯neqsS Isï¯nb hkvXpXIÄ.1993 amÀ¨v Hón\pw 12-\pambmWv taa³ IpSpw_¯nse 12 AwK§fpw Zp_mbnte¡v ISóXv. kv-t^mS\¯nð taa³ IpSpw_¯n\v ]¦psïóv s]s«ópXsó ØncoIcn¡s¸«p. Chsc Isï¯póXn\pÅ {ia§Ä At\zjWtZymKØÀ XpS§nsh¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

clkymt\zjW GP³knIfnsebpw B`y´c, {]Xntcm[, hntZiImcy a{´meb§fnepw DótXmtZymKØÀ DÄs¸sS 600-Hmfw DtZymKØcmWv Cu tIÊnsâ At\zjW¯nð ]¦mfnIfmbXv. CXn\v ]pdsa 12-Hmfw cmPy§fnse Fw_ÊnIfpw CâÀt]mfpw Atacn¡bnsebpw {_n«\nsebpw hnZKv[cpsams¡ DÄs¸« Pwt_m At\zjWambncpóp AXv. apwss_ kv-t^mS\t¡Ênse {]XnIsfóv C´y kwibn¡pó taa³ IpSpw_¯n\mbn ]m¡nØm\nð Xnc¨nð \S¯psaóv Aóv ]mIv {][m\a{´nbmbncpó \hmkv sjco^v C´y³ {][m\a{´n \cknwldmhphn\v Dd¸psImSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Ahsc Isï¯nbmð C´ybv¡pÅ k½m\saó \nebnð At¸mįsó ssIamdpsaópw sjco^v hmKvZm\w sNbvXp.

taa³ IpSpw_w AtX t]cnembncn¡nñ ]m¡nØm\nð ISón«pïmhpIsbóv Aós¯ ]mIv ssl¡½ojWÀ dnbmkv lpssk³ tJmJÀ A`n{]mbs¸«ncpóp. taa³ IpSpw_¯n\v ]m¡nØm\nte¡v hnk \ðInbn«nsñópw At±lw hyàam¡n.taa³ IpSpw_w AtX t]cnembncn¡nñ ]m¡nØm\nð ISón«pïmhpIsbóv Aós¯ ]mIv ssl¡½ojWÀ dnbmkv lpssk³ tJmJÀ A`n{]mbs¸«ncpóp. taa³ IpSpw_¯n\v ]m¡nØm\nte¡v hnk \ðInbn«nsñópw At±lw hyàam¡n. Zp_mbnse¯nbtijw hymP ]mkv-t]mÀ«nð ]m¡nØm\nte¡v IS¡m\pÅ km[yXbmWv ]nóoSv At\zjWtZymKØÀ IïXv.
 
kv-t^mS\w \Só FbÀ C´y aµnc¯n\Snbnð ]mÀ¡v sNbvXncpó hml\¯nsâ jmkn \¼À, t_mw_v hs¨¦nepw XIcmsX tijn¨ kv-Iq«À, {Kt\UpIfpw F.sI.56 tXm¡pIfpambn Dt]£n¡s¸« \nebnð Isï¯nb amcpXn hm³ Fónhbmbncpóp taa³ IpSpw_¯nsâ ]¦mfn¯w hyàam¡pó sXfnhpIÄ. t_mws_ Iem]¯nsâ XpSÀ¨sbtómWw \Só kv-t^mS\ ]c¼cIfnð A´mcm{ã KqVmtemN\ \Són«psïóXnsâ sXfnhpIfpw DtZymKØÀ¡v e`n¨ncpóp.amlnw s]meokv kv-täj\Sp¯pÅ Að lpssk³ _nðUn§nse Aôpw Bdpw \neIfnembpÅ Aôv A¸mÀ«v-saâpIfnembmWv taa³ IpSpw_w Xmakn¨ncpóXv. Cu A¸mÀ«psaâpIfnð Ibdnbnd§nb At\zjW DtZymKØÀ¡v kv-t^mS\¯nð IpSpw_¯n\pÅ ]¦v hyàam¡pó ]e sXfnhpIfpw Isï¯m\mbn.

AÐpÄ dkmJv taa³, `mcy l\o^ Fónhcpw AhcpsS Bdv a¡fmb Bcn^v Fó kpsseam³, apjvXmJv Fó ssSKÀ, bm¡q_v, Abq_v, ARvPpw, CÊ, bqk^v FónhcS§nbXmbncpóp taa³ IpSpw_w. I¨v taJebnð\nsó¯nb kpón hn`mK¯nðs¸«hcmbncpóp taaòmÀ. s`³Un _kmdn\Sp¯mbncpóp ChÀ BZyw Xmakn¨ncpóXv. 1980-ð ChÀ Xmakn¨ncpó sI«nSw XIÀótXmsS PohnXw amlnan\Sp¯v a¨namÀ \Kdnte¡v amän. 1988-emWv Að lpssk³ _nðUn§nð Xmakamcw`n¨Xv.

aq¯ aI³ Bcn^n\v C³Iw SmIv-knð tPmen e`ns¨¦nepw AXpt]£n¨v kuZn Atd_ybnð t]mhpIbmbncpóp. ]T\¯nð anSp¡\mb bm¡q_v NmÀt«ÀUv A¡uïâmhpIbpw kplr¯ns\m¸w tNÀóv ta¯ B³Uv taa³ Atkmkntbäv-kv Fó Øm]\w XpS§pIbpw sNbvXp. bm¡q_v kuay\mb a\pjy\mbncpópshóv tNX³ ta¯ ]dbpóp. t_mw_v kv-t^mS\¯nð bm¡q_n\v ]¦psïóv ta¯bv¡v hnizkn¡m³ Ignªncpónñ.

aq¯ aI\mb C{_mlnamWv IpSpw_s¯ IÅ¡S¯nsâ taJebnte¡v \bn¨Xv. kzÀW¡S¯pÄs¸sSbpÅ ]cn]mSnIfnð GÀs¸«ncpó C{_mlnw taJebnepÅhÀ¡v t]Snkz]v-\w IqSnbmbncpóp. ASp¸apÅhÀ ssSKÀ Fóv C{_mlnans\ hnfn¨ncpóXv B h\y kz`mhw sImïv IqSnbmbncpóp. amlnw taJebnð BZyambn amcpXn 1000 ImÀ kz´am¡póXv ssSKdmbncpóp.

sImtagv-kv _ncpZ[mcnbmbncpóp ssSKÀ. _m¦v ¢À¡mbmWv HutZymKnI PohnXw Bcw`n¨Xv. 1985-ð IÌwkv kwL¯n\pt\À¡v \Só shSnsh¸neqsSbmWv ssSKÀ s]meokv tcJIfnð CSw]nSn¨Xv. CtXmsS, ssSKÀ At[mtemI¯n\v {]nb¸«h\mbn. Zp_mbnbnð\nópÅ IÅ¡S¯v kwL§fpsS CS\ne¡mc\mbn ssSKÀ. sshImsX kz´w \nebv¡v IÅ¡S¯v XpS§pIbpw sNbvXp. tZmk ktlmZcòmÀ Fvódnbs¸«ncpó apl½Zv, aRvPp Fóhcpambpw CIv-_mð anÀ¨n,kenw kmcwKv Fónhcpambn tNÀómbncpóp ssSKdnsâ XpS¡w.

ssek³knñm¯ tXm¡v ssIhiw h¨Xn\v 1989-ð ssSKÀ AdÌv sN¿s¸«p. 1990 \nbak`m XncsªSp¸v Ime¯v Iem]w krãn¨Xn\v hoïpw AdÌnembn.NmÄkv tim`cmPns\ AdÌv sNbvX s]meokv I½ojWÀ a[pIÀ sk³sUbmWv ssSKdns\bpw AdÌv sNbvXXv. sacp¡m³ _p²nap«pÅ {Inan\embncpóp ssSKsdóv sk³sU ]nóoSv ]dªp. 1989 G{]nenð apwss_bnse ip¢mPn kv{Soänð sdbvUv \S¯nb IÌwkv ssSKdnsâ klmbnbmb saml½Zv ZuÊbnð\nóv F«v kzÀW¡«nIÄ ]nSns¨Sp¯p.

hcadnsª¯nb ssSKÀ, IÌwkv kwLt¯mSv kzÀWw Xncn¨p\ðIm³ BÚm]n¨p. kwL¯nepïmbncpó tdmj³ \ntbmKnbpsS apJaS¨v ASnsImSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. aq¡v XIÀ¡v \ntbmKn Bip]{Xnbnembn. ssSKÀ kzÀWhpambn c£s¸SpIbpw sNbvXp. 1989 apXð apwss_ IÌwkv At\zjn¨psImïncn¡pó {]XnbmWv ssSKÀ. 1990-ð CbmÄs¡Xnsc tIms^t]msk D¯chv ]pds¸Sphn¨ncpóp. A¡mes¯ cïv henb kzÀW¡S¯pambn _Ôs¸«mbncpóp CXv. cïptImSn cq] hnehcpó 300 kzÀW¡«nIÄ IS¯nbXmbncpóp Hcp tIkv. 28 tImSn cq] hnehcpó 4520 kzÀW¡«nIfmWv asämcp kw`h¯nð ssSKÀ IS¯nbXv.

Cu tIÊpIfnembn 75 e£w cq] ]ng ssSKdn\ptað Npa¯nbncpóp. IÅ¡S¯neqsS AXnthKamWv taa³ IpSpw_w hfÀóXv. 20 tImSn cq]bpsS kz¯p¡fpw Ht«sd _nkn\kv kwc`§fpw dnbð FtÌäv GÀ¸mSpIfpw DÅ henb [\nIcmbn taa³ IpSpw_w amdn. Cu k¼¯nsâ ASbmf§Ä t]msebmWv assd³ ss{Uhnse CÉmw PnwJm\bnð 1991-ð bm¡q_v taasâbpw Abq_v taasâbpw hnhmlw \SóXv.

kn\namcwKs¯bpw kmaqlnI cwKs¯bpw {]ikvXÀ ]s¦Sp¯ hnhml¨S§mbncpóp AXv. t_mfnhpUv kn\namtemIhpambpw {In¡äv temIhpambpw taa³ IpSpw_¯n\v _Ôapïmbncpóp. {]mtZinI {In¡äv Soansâ Iym]vä³ IqSnbmbncpóp Aóv bm¡q_v.

amlnanse hoSpIÄ¡pw Hm^okpIÄ¡pw ]pdsa, _m{µbnð ssSKdnsâ ImapIn _mbbv¡v Xmakn¡m³ ^vfmäpapïmbncpóp. apl½Zv Aen tdmUnð Ht«sd ISIfpw hoSpIfpw ChÀ kz´am¡nbncpóp. km´ {Iqkv Gcnbbnð Øehpw Dïmbncpóp. kzÀW¡S¯n\v Ip{]kn²amb a\ojv amÀ¡änð hym]mc Øm]\§Ä Xpd¡m\pw IpSpw_w ]²Xnbn«ncpóp.

kthcn _kmdnse asämcp _nkn\kv kwLhpambn ssSKÀ HópcïpXhW Gäpap«nbncpóp. Cu sshcamWv kthcn _kmdnð aqóv kv-Iq«dpIfnembn t_mw_v Øm]n¡m³ ssSKdns\ t{]cn¸n¨sXóv s]meokv Isï¯n. Atacn¡bnð thÄUv t{SUv skâdnð \Só kv-t^mS\¯nep]tbmKn¨Xpt]mse sN¡v BÀUnFIv-kpw skwsSIv-kpamWv apwss_bnepw D]tbmKn¨ncpóXv. A´mcm{ã _ÔapÅ B{IaWamWnsXóv kwibn¡m³ DtZymKØsc CXmWv t{]cn¸n¨Xv.

km¼¯nIambn iàns¸«tXmsS taa³ IpSpw_w Zp_mbnð BØm\apïm¡n. kuZnbnð tPmen sN¿pIbmbncpó Bcn^v AhnsS\nóv cmPnh¨v Zp_mbnse {]hÀ¯\§sf GtIm]n¸n¨ncpó Abq_ns\m¸w tNÀóp. ssSKÀ IÅ¡S¯n\v t\XrXzw \ðInbt¸mÄ ktlmZc§Ä lhme CS]mSnemWv {i² tIµoIcn¨Xv.km¼¯nIambn iàns¸«tXmsS taa³ IpSpw_w Zp_mbnð BØm\apïm¡n. kuZnbnð tPmen sN¿pIbmbncpó Bcn^v AhnsS\nóv cmPnh¨v Zp_mbnse {]hÀ¯\§sf GtIm]n¸n¨ncpó Abq_ns\m¸w tNÀóp. ssSKÀ IÅ¡S¯n\v t\XrXzw \ðInbt¸mÄ ktlmZc§Ä lhme CS]mSnemWv {i² tIµoIcn¨Xv. apwss_bnð ARvPpw bm¡q_ns\ klmbn¨p. bqk^v am{XamWv Cu {]hÀ¯\§fnsemópw ]s¦Sp¡mXncpósXópw s]meokv Isï¯n.
 
dnbð Fkv-tääpw cm{ãobhpambncpó bm¡q_nsâ Cã taJeIÄ. {]mtZinI {]iv-\§fnð CSs]Sm\pw ]cnlmcw ImWm\pw bm¡q_v {ian¨ncpóp. Fómð t_mws_ Iem]t¯msS AsXñmw amdn. taa³ IpSpw_¯nsâ DSaØXbnepïmbncpó teUn PwtjZvPn tdmUnse Hm^okpIÄ Iem]¯nð sImÅbSn¡s¸SpIbpw I¯n¡pIbpw sNbvXcpóp. hoSn\Sp¯pÅ A\mYmeb¯nð A`bw tXSnbhsc sImes¸Sp¯nbXpw taa³ IpSpw_s¯ {]tIm]n¸n¨p.

Fómð Iem]w am{XamtWm taa³ IpSpw_s¯ At[mtemI¯p\nóv `oIc{]hÀ¯\¯nte¡v \bn¨sXóv Isï¯m³ s]meokn\mbn«nñ. kzÀW¡S¯n\ptað IqSpXð \nb{´W§Ä hóXpw _nkn\kns\ AXv kmcambn XfÀ¯nbXpw aäp taJeIfnte¡v Xncnbm³ ssSKdns\ t{]cn¸n¨n«pïmImsaómWv AhÀ IW¡pIq«póXv. CtXkab¯v Iem]apïm¡nb {]tIm]\hpw Xo{hhmZ {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡v iàn Iq«nbn«pïmImsaópw s]meokv Aóv A\pam\n¨ncpóp.

kv-t^mS\w \S¡póXn\v ap¼pÅ cïphÀj¡mebfhnð hfscb[nIw aX`ànbpÅbmfmbn ssSKÀ amdnbncpópshóv s]meokv ]dbpóp. apwss_bnð kv-t^mS\w \S¯m\pÅ KqVmtemN\ Zp_mbnð ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbtijw 1993 P\phcn a[yt¯msSbmWv ssSKÀ apwss_bnse¯nbXv. ZmhqZpambpÅ NÀ¨IÄ Zp_mbnemWv \Sóncn¡póXv.

s^{_phcn F«n\mWv 2000 Intemtbmfw BÀ.Un.FIv-kv tkm¸pI«IfpsS cq]¯nð almcm{ãbpsS sIm¦¬ Xc¯pÅ sjJmZn {Kma¯nð t_m«neqsS F¯n¨Xv. kv-t^mSI hkvXp¡Ä Cd¡póXn\v taðt\m«w hln¡m³ Xsâ AwKc£I\mb A³hÀ sXbv_bv-s¡m¸w ssSKÀ t\cn«v t]mbncpópshópw s]meokv Isï¯n. taJebnse Gähpw henb IS¯pImc\mb ZmZ`mbv ]À¡mdmWv CXn\pÅ H¯mi \ðInbXv.

(apwss_ kv-t^mS\¯nsâ sR«n¸n¡pó hnhc§Ä ASp¯ `mK¯nð)

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ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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