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{]mbÝn-¯wþ sN-dpIY

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kp\nð Fw Fkv-

I_cn¸q¨bv¡v ho«nse BtcmsS¦nepw kv-t\lapsï¦nð AXv cmaphnsâ h[p hnt\mSmbncpóp. cmaphnsâ h[phmIs« ho«nð Bscsb¦nepw shdp¯ncpsó¦nð AXv I_cn¸q¨sb am{Xambncpóp. amXrKrl¯nð \nóv `ÀXrKrl¯nse¯n cïp amk¯n\Iw ]Xnómep hbÊpImcnbmb B s]¬Ip«n `À¯mhnsâ t{]a`mP\hpw iz{iphnsâ hmÕey`mP\hpambn¯oÀóp. IehdbpsS Xmt¡mð AhfpsS Acbnð Xq§n¡nS¡m³ XpS§n. `rXyÀ AhfpsS Ið¸\IÄ¡pImtXmÀ¯p. Ahfmbn ho«nð Fñmsañmw. iz{ip cp{Zm£aWnªv, ]qPbpw ]mcmbWhpw sNbvXv `ànamÀ¤¯ntebv¡p XncnbpIbpw sNbvXp.

Fs´ms¡bmbmepw tIhew ]Xnómep hbÊmb _menI am{XamWtñm AhÄ. Iehdbv¡pÅnð h¨v AhÄ CSbv-s¡ms¡ ab§nt¸mIpambncpóp. A¯cw Ahkc§fp]tbmKn¨v I_cn¸q¨ ]mepw s\¿pw I«p IpSn¨p. I_cn¸q¨ ImcWw AhfpsS PohnXw Xsó Xmdpamdmb a«mbn. s\¿v Hcp sNdp]m{X¯nem¡n `{Zambn h¨n«v Ahsfmóp I®S¨tXbpÅp, At¸mtgbv¡pw AXp apgph\pw I_cn¸q¨bpsS hbänembn. AtX t]mse, ]mev aqSn h¨p sImïv Hóp ]pd¯nd§n Xncn¨p hót¸mtgbv¡pw ]mð¸m{Xw DW§n hcïncn¡póp!

Imcy§Ä C{Xt¯mfta F¯nbncpópsŦnepw kmcanñmbncpóp. I_cn¸q¨bmIs« cmaphnsâ h[phnsâ Npäph«¯p Xsó kZmkabhpw X¡w ]mÀ¯v \nóncpóXpsImïv AhÄ¡v kam[m\t¯msS Blmcw Ign¡mt\m Pe]m\w \S¯mt\m t]mepw BImsXbmbn. AhÄ cmaphn\p thïn t{]a]qÀÆw Hcp I¸p \ndsb a[pc¡pdp¡pïm¡n h¨ncpóp. ]t£ cmap hót¸mÄ IïXv I_cn¸q¨ \¡n¯pS¨p h¨ncn¡pó I¸mWv. ISbnð \nóv sh® hm§ns¡mïp hóncpóp. cmaphnsâ h[p shäne apdp¡m³ thïn t]mbtXbpÅp. B t\c¯n\pÅnð sh® A{]Xy£ambn.

klnsI«v cmaphnsâ h[p Xocpam\n¨p, Cu ho«nð cïnsemcmÄ am{Xta Pohn¡pIbpÅp. HópInð Rm³. Asñ¦nð B IÅn¸q¨. bp²¯n\pÅ X¿msdSp¸p XpS§n. Ccphcpw Pm{KXbnð. ]q¨sb ]nSnIqSm\pÅ IqSp hóp. AXn\pÅnð ]mev, sh®, Fen, Fónhbpw ]q¨sb {]tem`n¸n¡m\pXIpó hnhn[Xcw ]ehyRvP\§fpw hbv¡s¸«p. ]t£ ]q¨ B hit¯bv-s¡móp t\m¡pI t]mepw sNbvXnñ. Fóp am{Xañ, AXv Hcð¸w N§m¯w ImWn¡m³ IqSn¯pS§n. AXphsc ]q¨ cmaphnsâ h[phns\ `bs¸«ncpsó¦nð Ct¸mfXv AhfpsS IqsS¯só \S¡m\pw XpS§n. AtXkabw Xsó AhfpsS ssIsb¯pw Zqc¯p \nóv AIóp \nð¡m\pw ]q¨ {i²n¨p.

I_cn¸q¨bpsS ss[cyw hÀ²n¨Xp Iï cmaphnsâ h[phn\v B ho«nð XpSÀóp Pohn¡pó Imcyw HmÀ¡póXp t]mepw Akl\obambn¯oÀóp. AhÄ¡v iz{iphnsâ iImc§Ä In«ns¡mïncpóp. AhfpsS `À¯mhn\v cpNn \ãs¸« Blmchpw.

Hcp Znhkw cmaphnsâ h[p cmaphn\p thïn ]mbkapïm¡n. ]nkvXm, _Zmw, sh®, Inkvankv Fón§s\ ]e Xcw hninãhkvXp¡Ä ]mbk¯nð tNÀ¡s¸«ncpóp. AXnhninãamb ]mbkw X¿mdmbn. AXp \nd¨ I¸v apdnbnð Gähpw Dbc¯nepÅ sjð^nð `{Zambn h¨ tijw cmaphnsâ h[p shäne apdp¡m³ thïn t]mbn.

B X¡w t\m¡n ]q¨ AI¯p ISóp. sjð^nsâ apIį«nencn¡pó I¸nsâ t\tc t\m¡n. \ñ aWw. km[\w \ñXmbncn¡Ww. sjð^nsâ Dbcw IW¡m¡n. cmaphnsâ h[phmIs« shäne apdp¡nð¯só apgpInbncn¡póp. AXn\nsS iz{iphn\pÅ apdp¡m\pw sImïv AhÄ AhcpsS apdnbntebv¡p t]mIpIbpw sNbvXp. B X¡w t\m¡n I_cn¸q¨ Hscmä¨m«w. ]q¨bpsS ssI I¸ntebv-s¡¯n. I¸p Xmsg hoWp s]m«n¨nXdn. ]mbkw apgph³ \ne¯p ]cóp.

I¸p hoWp XIÀó tImemlew tI«bpS³ apdp¡m³ s]mXn iz{iphnsâ apónsednªp sImïv cmaphnsâ h[p ASp¡fbntebv-t¡mSn. AhnsS Iï ImgvN! I¸v IjvW§fmbn NnXdn¡nS¡póp. cmaphn\p thïn t{]a]qÀÆw X¿mdm¡nbncpó AXnhninãamb ]mbkw apgph³ \ne¯v. ]q¨ BÀ¯ntbmsS AXp \¡n¡pSn¨p sImïncn¡póp. Ahsf Iï am{Xbnð ]q¨ HmSnt¸mbn.

cmaphnsâ h[phnsâ càw Xnf¨p. AXns\ sImñWw. AhÄ {]XnÚsbSp¯p. F§s\bXns\ sImñm³ ]äpw? A¡mcyw Xsó BtemNn¨v cm{Xn ZoÀLt\cw AhÄ¡v Dd§m³ Ignªnñ. t\cw shfp¯p I®p Xpdót¸mÄ IïXv, I_cn¸q¨ hmXnð¸Snbnencpóv kulmÀ±]qÀÆw Ahsf¯só t\m¡ns¡mïncn¡póXmWv.

cmaphnsâ h[p Aev]amtemNn¨p. aµlkn¨psImïv Ahsfgptóäp. Ahsfgptóð¡póXp Iï I_cn¸q¨ ]cn{`an¨v HmSnt¸mbn. Ahsfmcp I¸p ]mev hmXnð¸Sntað h¨n«p t]mbn. kwlmc¯n\pÅ Bbp[ambn, C«ncn¡m\p]tbmKn¡pó ]eIsbSp¯p XncnsI hót¸mtgbv¡v {]Xo£n¨ t]mseXsó, HmSnt¸mbncpó I_cn¸q¨ aS§nhóv I¸nð \nóv ]mepIpSn¡m³ XpS§n¡gnªncpóp. CXnepw \ñ Ahkcw C\n In«m\nñ. sasñ ASp¯p sNóv ]eI DbÀ¯n kÀÆiànbpap]tbmKn¨v I_cn¸q¨sb AhÄ {]lcn¨p. ASnsImï I_cn¸q¨ HmSnbnñ, NmSnbnñ, Hóp IcªXpt]mepanñ. AXp t\tc adnªp hoWp \nÝeambn.

iÐw tI«v Xq¸pImcn ASn¨phmcð \nÀ¯n, ]mNI¡mcn ]mNIw \nÀ¯n, iz{ip ]qPmIÀ½§Ä¡p hncmaan«p. Fñmhcpw kw`hØe¯v Xnc¡ns«¯n. cmaphnsâ h[p AhcpsS hm¡pIÄ tI«v A]cm[n\nsbt¸mse Xe Ip\n¨p \nóp.

Xq¸pImcn ]dªp: '`Khmt\! ]q¨ N¯pt]mbn. A½m, h[phnsâ ssIsImïmWv ]q¨bpsS acWw \Sóncn¡póXv. CsXmcp No¯¡mcyamWv.'

]mNI¡mcn ]dªp: 'A½m, ]q¨bpsS sImebpw a\pjysâ sImebpw XpeyamWv. sIme sNbvX ]m]w h[phnsâ XebnepÅnSt¯mfw Imew R§Ä¡v ASp¡fbnð ]mNIw sN¿m\mhnñ.'

iz{ip ]dªp: '\n§fp ]dªXp icnbmWv. h[phnsâ incÊnð \nóv sIme]mXI¯nsâ ]m]w \o§nt¸mIpóXp hsc HcmÄ¡pw Blmcw Ign¡m\mhnñ, Pe]m\hpw \S¯m\mhnñ. h[q, \osb´mWo sNbvXp h¨ncn¡póXv?'

Xq¸pImcn ]dªp: 'ssZhta, C\nsb´mWpïmhpI! A½ ]dbpIbmsW¦nð ]ÞnävPnsb hnfn¨psImïp hcmw.'

'AsX. AXp XsóbmWp thïXv.' iz{ip ]dªp. 'HmSnt¸mbn ]ÞnävPnsb hnfn¨psImïp hm.'

cmaphnsâ h[p ]q¨sbs¡móp Fó hmÀ¯ Im«pXo t]mse Abev]¡§fnð ]cóp. AhnS§fnse kv{XoIÄ cmaphnsâ ho«ntebv¡v Cc¨p hóp. \mep]mSpw \nópXnÀó tNmZyic§fpsS ap³]nð cmaphnsâ h[phn\v Xe Ip\n¨p \nð¡mt\ IgnªpÅp.

]Þnäv ]cakpJv ]qP sNbvXp sImïncnbv-s¡bmWv B hmÀ¯ hóXv. DS\t±lw ]qP \nÀ¯nsbgptóäp. Hcp ]pôncntbmsS `mcytbmSp ]dªp, 'Blmcw Dïm¡ï. emem Lmkncmansâ acpaIfv ]q¨sb sImón«ncn¡pIbmWv. {]mbÝn¯w \S¡pw. kp`n£amb Blmcw In«m³ hgnbpïv.'

]Þnäv ]cakpJv Ipdnb, XSn¨ Hcp {_mÒW\mbncpóp. Dbcw \meSn ]¯nôp am{Xw. Fómð Ipw`bpsS Npäfthm? A³]s¯«nôv ! hoÀ¯pcpï apJw. henb aoi. shfp¯ \ndw. IpSpa Ac hsc \oïp InSóncpóp. kuP\y`£Ww In«pónS§fnseñmw F¯póhcpsS enÌnð {]YaØm\w ]Þnäv ]cakpJn\mWv FómWv ]dbs¸«ncpóXv.

]Þnäv ]cakpJv F¯nbt¸mÄ tImdw XnIªp. DóXXekanXn tbmKamcw`n¨p. iz{ip, ]mNI¡mcn, Ink\phnsâ A½, Oóphnsâ ap¯Èn, ]nsó ]Þnäv ]cakpJpw. aäp h\nXIÄ h[phnt\mSpÅ klm\p`qXn {]ISn¸n¨p sImïncpóp.

Ink\phnsâ A½ DXvIWvTtbmsS tNmZn¨p: ']ÞnävPo, ]q¨sb sImómð F§s\bpÅ \cIamWp e`n¡pI?'

']q¨bpsS sIme \Sóp Fóp am{XadnªXpsImïv e`n¡m³ t]mIpó \cI¯nsâ t]cp ]dbm\mInñ.' ]ÞnävPn ]ômwKw t\m¡ns¡mïp ]dªp. 'sIme \Só aplqÀ¯w IqSn AdnbWw. F¦nð am{Xta F§s\bpÅ \cIambncn¡pw In«m³ t]mIpósXóp Xocpam\n¡m\mIq.'

'cmhnse GXmïv GgpaWn¡v.' ]mNI¡mcn sIme \Só kabw Adnbn¨p.

]ÞnävPn ]ômwK¯nsâ XmfpIÄ adn¨p. A£c§fneqsS hnctemSn¨p. s\änbnð ssI h¨psImïv Kuch]qÀÆw BtemNn¨p. apJ¯v CcpÄ ]cóp. ]pcnIapbÀóp. aq¡p Npfnªp. kzcw Kw`ocambn. 'ltc IrjvWm! tl IrjvWm! henb A[À½w kw`hn¨ncn¡póp. cmhnse {_ÒaplqÀ¯¯nemWv ]q¨bpsS sIme \Sóncn¡póXv. AXntLmcamb \cIw hsc AXn\p In«mhpóXmWv. cmaphnsâ At½, alm]m]amWp \Sóncn¡póXv.'

cmaphnsâ A½bpsS I®pIfnð I®p\oÀ s]mSnªp. 'C\nbnt¸m F´mWp kw`hn¡pI? ]ÞnävPo, A§p Xsó ]dbpI.'

]Þnäv ]cakpJv ]pôncn¨p. 'cmaphnsâ At½, hnjan¡ms\mópanñ. CXns\ms¡ thïnbtñ R§Ä ]qPmcnIfpÅXv! imkv{X§fnð Hmtcm ]m]¯n\pw {]mbÝn¯w \nÀt±in¨n«pïv. X¡ {]mbÝn¯w sNbvXmð Fñmw icnbmIpw.'

cmaphnsâ A½ ]dªp: 'AXpsImïmWp ]ÞnävPo, A§sb hnfn¸n¨Xv. F´mWp sNt¿ïsXóv A§p Xsó ]dªp XcnI.'

'F´mWp sNt¿ïsXótñ. kzÀWw sImïv Hcp ]q¨sb Dïm¡n¨n«v h[phns\s¡mïv AXp Zm\w sN¿n¸n¡pI. kzÀ®¸q¨sb Zm\ambn sImSp¡póXp hsc Cu hoSv ]hn{XañmXmbn¯pScpw. kzÀ®¸q¨ Zm\w sNbvX tijw Ccp]s¯móp Znhkw ]qPbpw ]mcmbWhpw \S¡Ww.'

Oóphnsâ ap¯Èn ]dªp: 'AsX, AXp Xsó. ]ÞnävPn ]dªXp icnbmWv. kzÀ®¸q¨sb BZyw Xsó Zm\w sN¿n¸n¡pI. AXn\p tijw ]mcmbWw \S¡s«.'

cmaphnsâ A½ Bi¦tbmsS tNmZn¨p: ']ÞnävPo, F{X tXme kzÀWw sImïpÅ ]q¨sbbmWv Dïm¡nt¡ïXv?'

'F{X tXmebpsS ]q¨sbbmWv Dïmt¡ïsXtóm?' ]Þnäv ]cakpJv ]pôncn¨p. ']q¨bpsS Xq¡¯n\p Xpeyamb kzÀWw sImïp thWw ]q¨sb Dïm¡ms\óv imkv{X§fnð hn[n¨ncn¡póp. Fóment¸mÄ IenbpKw hóncn¡póp, [À½IÀ½§Ä¡p \miw kw`hn¨ncn¡póp. `ànbnñmXmbncn¡póp. A§s\bncnbv-s¡ ]q¨bpsS Xq¡¯n\p Xpeyamb kzÀ®¸q¨ \n§fpïm¡ptam? N¯pt]mb ]q¨bv¡v Ccp]Xv, Ccp]s¯móp tkÀ Xq¡sa¦nepw Dïmbncpóncn¡pw. IpdªXv Ccp]s¯móp tXme kzÀWw sImsï¦nepw Dïm¡nb ]q¨sbbmWv Zm\w sNt¿ïXv. AXn\p tijapÅ Imcy§Ä \n§fpsS `ànsb B{ibn¨ncn¡pw.'

cmaphnsâ A½ I®p angn¨ncpóp t]mbn. 'Fsâ ssZhta! Ccp]s¯móp tXme kzÀ®tam! AXp hfsc¡qSpXemWv ]ÞnävPo. Hcp tXme sImïpïm¡nb ]q¨sbs¡mïp Imcyw \S¡pIbntñ?'

]Þnäv ]cakpJv Nncn¨p t]mbn. 'cmaphnsâ At½! Hcp tXme kzÀ®¯nsâ ]q¨tbm! h[phnt\¡mÄ {][m\amtWm \n§Ä¡p cq]? h[phnsâ Xebnð tLmc]m]apïv. Fón«pw C{X ]nip¡p ImWn¡póXp H«pw DNnXañ.'

AfhpXq¡§sf¸änbpÅ NÀ¨ XpSÀóp. HSphnð ]Xns\móp tXme sImïpÅ ]q¨sb Dïm¡nbmð aXnsbó Xocpam\ambn.

kzÀ®¸q¨Zm\s¯¯pSÀóp \St¯ï ]qPm]mcmbW§sf¸änbmbncpóp ASp¯ NÀ¨. ]Þnäv ]cakpJv ]dªp: 'AXns\´m {]bmkw? R§Ä ]qPmcnIÄ AXn\p thïnbpÅhcmWtñm. cmaphnsâ At½, ]mcmbWw Rm³ Xsó sNbv-tXmfmw, ]qPbv¡pÅ kma{KnIÄ Fsâ ho«ntebv¡v sImSp¯b¨mð am{Xw aXn.'

']qPbv¡v Fs´ms¡ kma{KnIÄ thWw?'

'Gähpw Ipdª AfhpIÄ sImïv Rm³ ]qP \S¯n¯cmw. [m\yambn GItZiw ]¯p aóv tKmX¼v, Hcp aóv Acn, Hcp aóv ]cn¸v, Hcp aóv FÅv, Aôp aóv _mÀen, Aôp aóv ISe, \mep tkÀ s\¿v, Hcp aóv D¸v FónhbmWp thWXv. Ch sImïv Imcyw \Stómfpw.'

cmaphnsâ A½ \Sp¡t¯msS ]dªp: 'Hm, ]ÞnävPo, C{Xbpw km[\§Ä¡v \qdp \qä¼Xp cq]bmIpatñm.' AhcpsS sXmïbnSdn.

'CXnepw Ipdªmð Imcyw \S¡nñ. ]q¨bpsS sIme]mXIw F{X henb ]m]amsWódnbntñ? sNehns\¸än ]cmXns¸Spt¼mįsó h[phnsâ XebnepÅ ]m]¯nsâ hen¸s¯¸änbpw HmÀ¡Ww. CXp {]mbÝn¯amWv, shdpw IfnXamibñ. AhchcpsS \nebpw hnebpw A\pkcn¨pÅ {]mbÝn¯w thWw sN¿m³. A§s\bmWp {]mbÝn¯w sNt¿ïXv. \n§Ä shdpw km[mcW¡mscmópañtñm. \n§fpsS ssI¸¯nbnð ]änbncn¡pó tNdn\p t]mepw \qdp \qänb³]Xp cq] hnebpïmIpw.'

]Þnäv ]cakpJnsâ hm¡pIÄ Ink\phnsâ A½sb BIÀjn¨p. AhÀ ]dªp: ']ÞnävPn ]dbpóXv icn XsóbmWv. ]q¨bpsS sIme Añd Nnñd ]m]samópañ. henb ]m]¯n\v henb sNehpapïmIpw.'

Oóphnsâ ap¯Èn ]dªp: 'Zm\]pWy§Ä sNbvXmWv ]m]§sf ]cnlcnbv-t¡ïXv. AXnsemcp kwibhpanñ.'

]mNI¡mcn ]dªp: 'Xsóbpañ, At½, \n§Ä henb BfpIfmWv. Cu sNeshmópw \n§Ä¡v Hcp _p²nap«pw Dïm¡nñ.'

cmaphnsâ A½ \mep]mSpw t\m¡n. Ahsc ]n´pWbv¡m³ Bcpapïmbnñ. kIecpw sFIIWv-tTy\ ]ÞnävPntbmsSm¸w Xsó.

]Þnäv ]cakpJv ]pôncn¨psImïncpóp. At±lw ]dªp: 'cmaphnsâ At½, Hcp hi¯v h[phn\pÅ tLmc\cIw. adphi¯v \n§fpsS D¯chmZnXz¯nð sNdnsbmcp sNehv. AXnð \nóp apJw Xncn¨p IfbcpXv.'

ZoÀL\nizmkt¯msS cmaphnsâ A½ ]dªp: 'C\nbnt¸m F§s\sbms¡ \r¯w sN¿m³ ]dªmepw A§s\sbms¡ \r¯w sN¿pIbñmsX thsd hgnsbmópanñtñm.'

CXp ]ÞnävPn¡p \ockapïm¡n. 'Cu {]mbÝn¯sañmw \n§Ä kt´mjt¯msS sNt¿ïhbmWv. ]t£ \n§Ä¡Xnð A\nãapsï¦nð \n§fsXmópw sN¿ï. Rm³ t]mhpIbmbn. ']ÞnävPn Xsâ ]ômwKhpw aäpw ssIbnseSp¯p t]mIms\mcp§n.

's]móp ]ÞnävPo, cmaphnsâ A½bv¡v Hc\nãhpanñ. AhÀ¡v henb ZpxJhpapïv. A§p \ocks¸«p t]mIcptX!' ]mNI¡mcnbpw Oóphnsâ ap¯Ènbpw Ink\phnsâ A½bpsañmw Htc kzc¯nð At]£n¨p. cmaphnsâ A½ ]ÞnävPnbpsS Imep ]nSn¨p. ]ÞnävPnbpsS \ockaIóp. hoïpw Dd¸n¨ncpóp.

'Ct¸msg´m thïXv?' cmaphnsâ A½ Bcmªp.

'Ccp]s¯móp Znhks¯ ]mcmbW¯n\v Ccp]s¯mópdp¸nI. Ccp]s¯móp Znhkhpw cïp t\cw hoXw Aôp {_mÒWÀ¡v `£Ww sImSp¡Ww.' Aev]w \nÀ¯nb tijw ]ÞnävPn XpSÀóp. ']t£, AtXmÀ¯p \n§Ä hnjanbv-t¡ï. Rm³ X\n¨v cïp t\chpw `£Ww Ignt¨mfmw. Rm³ X\n¨v `£Ww Ign¨mð¯só Aôp {_mÒWÀ `£Ww Ign¨Xn\p Xpeyamb ^ew In«pw.'

']ÞnävPn B ]dªXp icnbmWv. ]ÞnävPnbpsS IpShbdp t\m¡q.' ]mNI¡mcn Nncn¨psImïp ]Xnsb ]dªp.

'Fómð {]mbÝn¯¯n\pÅ GÀ¸mSpIsfms¡ sNbv-tXmfq, cmaphnsâ At½. Ct¸mÄ ]Xns\móp tXme kzÀ®saSp¡v. Rm\XpsImïv cïp aWn¡qdn\pÅnð ]q¨sb Dïm¡n¨p sImïp hcmw. AXn\Iw ]qPbv¡pÅ Hcp¡§sfms¡ sNbvXp XoÀ¡pI. Mm, ]nsó ]qPbv¡p thïn...'

]ÞnävPnbpsS hm¡pIÄ Ahkm\n¡pw ap³]v Xq¸pImcn HmSn¡nX¨v apdnbnð hóp Ibdn. AXp Iïv Fñmhcpw \Sp§n. cmaphnsâ A½ ]cn{`an¨psImïp tNmZn¨p: 'F´p ]änsbSo?'

Xq¸pImcn hn¡nhn¡n ]dªp: 'At½, ]q¨ Fgptóäv HmSnt¸mbn!'

({]ikvX lnµn kmlnXyImc\mbncpó `KhXoNc¬ hÀ½ Ac \qämïneptasd¡mew ap³s]gpXnb sNdpIYbmWv '{]mbÝn¯v'. HcpIme¯v tIcf¯nse sslkv-IqÄ ¢mÊnð B IY ]mTy`mKambncpóp. AXnsâ kzX{´ hnhÀ¯\amWv apIfnð sImSp¯ncn¡póXv. 1903ð D¯À{]tZinð P\n¨ `KhXoNc¬ hÀ½ Hcp Uk\ntesd t\mhepIsfgpXnbn«pïv. At±l¯nsâ '`qte _nktc Nn{Xv' Fó t\mhen\v 1961se tI{µ kmlnXy A¡mZan AhmÀUp e`n¨p. Cu t\mhð tIcf¯nse tImtfPpIfnð ]Tn¸n¡s¸«ncpóp. 1934segpXnb 'Nn{XteJ' At±l¯nsâ Gähpw \ñ t\mhembn IW¡m¡s¸Spóp. 'Nn{XteJ' 1941epw 1964epw Ne¨n{Xam¡s¸«p. t\mhepIÄ¡pw sNdpIYIÄ¡pw ]pdta IhnXIfpw At±lsagpXnbn«pïv. 1971ð At±l¯n\v ]ß`qj¬ e`n¨p. 1981ð At±lw \ncymX\mbn.)

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ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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