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]m-¡n-Øm-\n-se _-kv ss{U-h-dp-sS a-I³ e-ï³ ta-bÀ ]-Z-hn-bn-te-¡v; Cw-¥-ïnð te-_À ]n-Sn-¨p \n-óp; kv-tIm-«vem³Unð F-kv-F³-]n X-só ho-ïpw

{_n-«-Wn-se {]-[m-\-s¸« tem-¡ð C-e-£³ dn-kð-«v {]-Jym-]n-¨p Xp-S-§n-b-t¸mÄ te-_À ]mÀ-«n-¡v am-[y-a-§Ä Ið-¸n-¨p \ðIn-b A-{Xbpw i-àam-b Xn-cn¨-Sn Cñ F-óp hy-à-ambn. Cw-¥-ïn-se a-lm-`q-cn]-£w Iu¬-kn-ep-I-fnepw te-_À ]mÀ-«n X-só ]n-Sn-¨-t¸mÄ kv-tIm-«n-jv \m-j-Wð ]mÀ-«n kv-tIm-«v-em³-Uv ]mÀ-e-saâv Xq-¯p-hmcn. am-[y-a-§-sfñmw {]-N-cn-¸n-¨n-cpó-Xv te-_À ]mÀ-«n Cw-¥-ïnepw ]n-tóm-¡w t]m-Ip-sa-óm-bn-cpóp. \n-e-hn-ep-ÅXn-s\-¡mÄ t\cn-b ko-äp-IÄ-¡v Ip-d-hp-sï-¦nepw am-\yamb X-só-bm-Wv Im-gv-N -h-¨n-cn-¡p-óXv. A-tX-k-abw, e-ï³ ta-bÀ Øm-\-t¯-¡v ]m-¡n-Øm-\n-se _-kv ss{U-h-dp-sS a-I-\m-b km-Zn-Jv Jm³ P-bn-¡p-sa-óv D-d-¸m-bn-«p-ïv. 124 Iu¬-kn-ep-IÄ D-Å-Xnð 80 Iu¬-kn-ep-I-fn-se sX-c-sª-Sp-¸p ^-ew ]pd-¯p h-ó-t¸mÄ te-_À ]mÀ-«n-¡v U-Uv-en-bnð am-{X-am-Wv ]-cm-P-bw cp-Nn-t¡-ïn h-ó-Xv. kv-tIm-«v-e-ïnð ]mÀ-«n aqómw Øm-\-t¯-¡v X-Å-s¸-«p F-ó-Xm-Wv tJ-Z-I-cam-b h-kv-Xp-X. F-kv-F³-]n-¡p ]n-ónð tSm-dn-IÄ cïmw Øm-\w D-d-¸n-t¨mÄ te-_À Z-b\o-b ]-cmP-bw G-äp-hm-§p-I-bm-bn-cp-óp. F-ómð bp-In-]v ]mÀ-«n- 20 ko-äp-IÄ t\-Sn A-{]-Xo-£n-X-am-b hnP-bw I-c-Ø-am-¡n-bn-«p-apïv. thð-knð bp-In-]v hnP-bw t\-Snb-Xv \n-sKð ^-sd-Pn-sâ t\-Xr-Xz-¯n-sâ sa-¨w F-óp I-cp-Xp-ó-h-cp-ap-ïv. Iu¬-knð sX-c-sª-Sp-¸nð te-_À ]mÀ-«n-bp-sS {]-I-S-\w tam-i-am-sW-óp X-só-bm-Wv hn-e-bn-cp¯ð. bp-sI-bn-se§pw ]mÀ-«n sa-¨-s¸-« hnP-bw ssI-h-cn-¡m-¯-Xm-Wv C-Xn-\p Im-c-W-am-bn ]-d-bp-óXv. ]n-tóm-¡w \n-ón-cp-ó en-_-dð sU-tam-{Im-äv-kn\pw F-«p ko-äp-I-fnð hnP-bw t\-Sm-\m-bn. 2010þð Iq-«pI-£n a-{´n-k-` ho-W-Xn-\p ti-jw ]mÀ-«n t\-Sp-ó h³ hn-P-b-am-Wn-Xv. Cw-¥-ïnse 80 Iu¬-knð dn-kÄ-«p-IÄ {]-Jym-]n-¨-Xnð te-_-dn-\v 24 ko-äp-IÄ \-ã-ambn. I¬-kÀ-th-äo-hv ]mÀ-«n-¡v A-ôp koäpw en-_-dð sU-tam-{Im-äp-IÄ F-«p koäpw bp-In-]v 20 ko-äpw t\Sn. kv-tIm-«v-e-ïnð ^-ew {]-Jym-]n-¨ 115 ko-äp-I-fnð F-kv-F³-]n-¡v \m-ep koäpw te-_-dn-\v 12 koäpw \-ã-am-bn. 12 ko-änð tSm-dn-IÄ-¡v hnP-bw t\-Sm-\mbn. en-_-dð sU-tam-{Im-äp-IÄ-¡v H-cp ko-än-em-Wv hnP-bw I-sï-¯m-\m-b-Xv. te-_À ]mÀ-«n t\-Xr-Xz-w G-sä-Sp-¯-Xnð ]n-só sPd-an tImÀ-_nb-\v A-án-]-co£-Ww X-só-bm-bn-cp-óp Iu¬-knð sX-c-sª-Sp-¸v. G-sd ]-cn-¡nñm-sX Iu¬-knð sX-c-sª-Sp-¸nð hnP-bw t\-Sm-\mb-Xv sPd-an tImÀ-_nb-\v B-iz-kn-¡m³ h-I \ð-In-bn-«p-ïv.   Có-se \-S-ó e-ï³ ta-bÀ sX-c-sª-Sp-¸nð hn-P-bn¡p-I ]m-¡n-Øm-\nð P-\n-¨v {_n-«-\n-te-¡v Ip-Sn-tbdn-b km-Zn-Jv Jm³ B-hp-sa-óv G-Xm-ïv D-d-¸m-bn-cp-óp. Có-se \-S-ó A-hkm-\ h-« sX-c-sª-Sp-¸nð I¬-kÀ-th-äo-hv Øm-\mÀ-Yn km-¡v tKmÄ-Uv- kv-an-¯n-t\-¡mÄ 14 i-X-am-\w ]n´p-W Iq-Sp-Xð B-bn-cpóp km-Zn-Jn\v. F-¦nð e-ï³ N-cn-{X-¯nð B-Zy-Ip-Sn-tb-ä-¡m-c\m-b ta-bÀ F-ó ]-Z-hn-bmWv Cu -]m-¡n-Øm-³ hw-iPs\ Im-¯n-cn-¡p-ó-Xv. A-tX-kabw kmZnJv Jms\ `mhn {][m\a{´n Bbn hntijn¸n¨t¸mgpw ktµl¯nembncpó hnPbw kp\nÝnXw B¡nbXv FXncmfn kmIv tKmÄUv kvan¯nsâ \mhv ]ngbmWv FóXmWv Gsd IuXpIambXv. Hcp L«¯nð CÉmtamt^m_nb iàamb kmlNcy¯nð kmZnJv Jm³ ]cmPbs¸Spw Fóv tXmón¨nS¯v BWv kmIv tKmÄUv kvanXv hnhmZ ]cmaÀi§Ä \S¯póXv. GXp kmlNcy¯nepw kmZnJv Jm³ hnPbn¡m³ km[yX Csñó tXmóenð ]mInØm\nð \nóphsc cm{ãob t\Xm¡Ä eï\nse `qcn]£ {]tZi§fnð {]NcWw \S¯nbXpw Hcp thf Xncn¨Sn Bbt¸mgmWv kmIv tKmÄUva³ skð^v tKmÄ ASn¨p ]cmPbw Gäphm§nbXv. iàamb CÉmtamt^m_nb {]NmcW cwK¯v AebSn¨t¸mÄ \qdp IW¡n\v thm«pIÄ DÅ aebmfn kaql¯nsâ klmbw tXSnbpw te_À t\Xm¡Ä cwK¯v F¯nbncpóp. te_À ]mÀ«nbpsS \b ]cn]mSnIÄ Xocpam\n¡póXnð \nÀ®mbI kzm[o\w DÅ kmZnJv Jmsâ hnPbw Gjy³ hn`mK¡mcpsS A`nam\ t]mcm«w IqSn Bbn amdnbXmWv C¯hW {i² t\SnbXv. C´y¡mÀ¡v \nÀ®mbI kzm[o\w DÅ eï\nð Ccp ]mÀ«n¡mcpw Cu thm«pIÄ e£yan«mbncpóp {]NcWw \S¯nbXv. I¬-kÀ-thäohpIÄ knJv, ]ôm_n hn`mK¡msc t\m«an«t¸mÄ, te_À Iym¼pIÄ thm«p ]nSn¨Xv Xangv, aebmfn, {ioe¦³, ]mInØm³ hn`mK¡mcnð \nómbncpóp. CuÌvlmw tI{µoIcn¨p {]hÀ¯n¡pó t{]m{Kknhv aebmfn skmsskän AS¡apÅ aebmfnIÄ kmZnJv Jmsâ hnPb¯n\mbn amk§Ä \oï {]NmcWamWv GsäSp¯Xv. {]NcWw ISp¯t¸mÄ kmZnJv Jms\ aXhmZnbmbpw A]ISImcnbpw kmIv tKmÄUvam³ hntijn¸n¨Xv hym]I {]Xntj[¯n\p ImcWambncpóp. CÉmw Xo{hhmZ¯n\p {_n«¬ \ðIpó adp]Sn Fó \nebnemWv kzbw {_n«ojv apÉnw Fóv hntijn¸n¡pó kmZnJv Jm³ cwK¯v F¯nbXv. ]m¡nØm\nð \nsó¯nb _kv ss{UhdpsS aI\pw a\pjymhImi A`n`mjI\pw Bb kmZnJv Jm³ km[mcW¡mcpsS {]Xn\n[n BbmWv te_À DbÀ¯n¡m«nbXv. AXn\mð Xsó temI km¼¯nI cwK¯nsâ XeØm\w IqSnbmb eï\v ]änb tabÀ Asñó hmZw I¬kÀth«ohpIÄ DbÀ¯nsb¦nepw P\w XÅpI Bbncpóp. cmPy¯p Cóse \Só XncsªSp¸nð an¡ CS¯pw te_À ]cmPbw cpNn¨t¸mÄ eï³ tabÀ Øm\w ]nSns¨Sp¡m³ km[n¨Xv ]mÀ«n¡p \ðIpó Dt¯P\w sNdpXñ. eï³ \Kc¯nð Xmakn¡pó 86 e£w t]cpsS `mhn \nÀ®bn¡phm³ k¼ó\mb kmIv tKmÄUv kvan¯ns\ \ntbmKn¨Xnð tSmdnIÄ¡v \nÀ®mbI ]nghv ]än FómWv Nqïn¡mWn¡s¸SpóXv. Fómð P\ kwJybnð ]¯p e£¯ntesd hcpó apÉnw P\ hn`mK¯nsâ thm«p HäbSn¡v ]nSns¨Sp¡m³ te_À \S¯nb \o¡w Ncn{X¯nð BZyambn Hcp apÉnw tabsd k½m\n¡phm³ ImcWambn FóXpw Ct¸mÄ {][m\ambn amdpIbmWv.   2005ð Sq«nwKnð \nóv Fw]nbmbn sXcsª-Sp-¡-s¸-«-tXm-sS-bm-Wv km-Zn-Jv Jm³ kPohcm-{ão-b {]-hÀ¯\w B-cw-`n-¡p-óXv. tKmÀU³ {_u¬ a{´nk`bnð a{´nbmbncpóp Ct±lw. {Sm³kv--t]mÀ«v a{´nbmbn {_n«ojv Im_n\änse¯nb BZy apÉosaó _lpaXnbpw kmZnJn\v kz´w. 2010se sXcsªSp¸n\v tijw FUv anen_m³Unsâ t\XrXz¯n\v thïn iàamb {]NmcWw \S¯nbXv kmZnJmbncpóp. XpSÀóv At±lw jmtUm sk{I«dnbpambn. tabÀ Øm\mÀ°nbmIpóXv hsc At±lw B Øm\¯ncn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. 1947þð C-´ymþ ]m-¡n-Øm³ hn-`P-\w \-S-¡p-t¼mÄ ]m-¡n-Øm-\n-te-¡v Ip-Sn-tb-dn-b-Xm-Wv km-Zn-Jv Jm-sâ ap-¯-Ñ\pw ap-¯-Èn-bpw. ]n-óo-Sv km-Zn-Jv Jm-sâ am-Xm-]n-Xm-¡Ä {_n-«-Wn-te-¡v Ip-Sn-tb-dp-I-bm-bn-cp-óp. {_n-«-Wnð F¯n-b ti-j-am-bn-cp-óp km-Zn-Jv Jm-sâ P-\\w. ku-¯v e-ï-\n-se Sq-«nw-Knð skâv tPmÀ-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-em-Wv km-Zn-Jv Jm³ P-\n-¨-Xv. ^nÀ-t{Im-^v-äv ss{]a-dn kv-Iq-fnepw GÀ-W-Ìv s_-hn³ tIm-tf-Pn-epw ]Tn-¨ km-Zn-Jv Jm³ bq-Wn-th-gv-knän Hm-^v t\mÀ-¯v e-ï-\nð \n-óv \n-b-a-_n-cp-Zw t\-Sp-Ibpw sN-bv-Xp. 2005þð lukv Hm-^v tIm-a¬-knð {]-th-in-¡p-ó-Xn-\v ap-¼p h-sc tkm-fn-kn-ä-dm-bn Jm³ {]m-Îo-kv sN-¿p-Ibpw sN-bv-Xp. H-¸w tkm-fn-kn-äÀ B-bn tPm-en sN-bv-Xn-cp-ó km-Zn-bm A-l-½-Zn-s\-bm-Wv Jm³ hn-hm-lw sN-bv-Xn-cn-¡p-óXv. c-ïp a¡Ä: B-\nkm, A-adm.

te-ä-Ìv \yqkv



am{Sn-tam-Wnbð

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Ncaw

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kn\na

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A\p`hw

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^o¨À

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ImÀ«q¬

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IhnX

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hnhml hmÀjnIw

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Nm\ð

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kvt]mÀSvkv

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kmlnXyw

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dnbð FtÌäv

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