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inh-Kn-cn aTw F-kv-F³-Un-]n-bp-sS {_m-ôv Añ; sh-Åm-¸-Ån-¡v F-Xn-sc ]-d-bp-ó-hÀ tbm-K-¯n-\v F-Xn-sc-óv I-cp-X-cpXv; bp-sI-bnð F¯n-b kzm-an Kp-cp-{]-km-Zv {_n-«o-jv a-e-bmfn-tbm-Sv ]-dªXv

HmIvkvt^mÀUv: CughcpsS kwLSnX iànbpsS {_m³Uv CtaPv Bb FkvF³Un]n Fó {io\mcmbW [À½ ]cn]me\ tbmKhpw {io\mcmbW Kpcp Øm]n¨ kóymk Iq«mbvabpsS BØm\amb {io\mcmbW [À½ kwLhpw X½nð {]Xy£¯nð _Ôaptïm? At\Iw BfpIÄ IcpXpóXv cïpw Hóv tNÀóv {]hÀ¯n¡pó Iq«mbvaIÄ BsWóXmWv. Fómð {]Xy£¯nð cïpw X½nð Kpcp Øm]n¨p FóXnð Ihnªp t\cn«v bmsXmcp _Ôhpw Cñ Fóv am{Xañ {]hÀ¯\ ]Y¯nð hgn Xncnªp cïmbn Gsd aptóm«p t]mIpIbpw sNbvXp. Cu kômc¯n\nSbnð cïp ]£¯p \nópw t\À¡v- t\À Gäpap«ð Dïmbn«papïv-. Kpcp ]dª kZv- hN\§Ä Hcp sNdp t]mdð t]mepw X«msX t\m¡pó \njvIma IÀ½nIÄ Bb kóymkn hcycpsS {]Xn\n[nIÄ Fó \nebnð inhKncn aT¯nð \nóv Dbcpó i_vZ¯n\p kaqlhpw A[nImc tI{µ§fpw Hs¡ AÀln¡pó ]cnKW\ \ðIpópapïv. C¡mcWw sImïv IqSnbmImw inhKncn aTw cmjv{Sob, PmXn aX t`Zat\y kÀhÀ¡pw kzoImcyw Bbn amdpóXpw. inhKncn aTw {]NmcW k` sk{I«dn IqSnbmb {_Ò{io kzman Kpcp{]kmZv Cóse HmIvkvt^mUnð \Só tkh\w bpsIbpsS hmÀjnI kt½f\¯nð ]s¦Sp¡m³ F¯nbt¸mÄ {_n«ojv- aebmfn sdkn-Uâv FUnäÀ sI BÀ ssjPptam\v\ðInb A`napJ kw`mjW¯nð \nópÅ {]kà `mK§Ä: (Gsd \mÄ lnameb km\p¡fnð k\ymk PohnXw \bn¨v-, aªp aeIfnse KplIfnð GIm´ PohnXw \bn¨ tijw temIs¯ IqSpXð ASp¯dnbm³ 33 cmPy§fneqsS ]cyS\w \S¯nb kzman Kpcp{]kmZv {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamUnbpsS B²ymßnI Kpcp Fódnbs¸Spó kzman Z-b\µ kckzXnbpsS IqsSbpw Hóc hÀjt¯mfw Ignªn«pïv. kIe aX§fpambn klhÀ¯nXzw ]pecWw Fóm{Kln¡pó t]m]v- {^m³kn-kv amÀ]m¸bpsS {]tXyI £Ww kzoIcn¨p h¯n¡m\nð F¯nbpw KpcptZh ZÀi\w hniZoIcn¡m³ Ct±l¯n\p Ahkcw e`n¨n«pïv). KpcptZh ZÀi\w Gähpw {]kàamb ImeL«¯nð Xsó {io\mcbWobÀ Kpcphnsâ ZÀi\§fnð \nóv AIepIbmWv Fó ktµlt¯mSv A§v tbmPn¡pópthm? XoÀ¨bmbpw. Kpcp F´v ]dtªm AXn\p t\À hn]coXamb Imcy§fmWv Ct¸mÄ kw`hn¨p sImïncn¡póXv. PmXn ]dbcpXv Fóv ]dªXn\v ]Icw Ct¸mÄ PmXn am{Xta \mw ]dbpópÅq. aZyw hn]¯mWv Fóv ]dª Kpcphnsâ apJ¯v t\m¡nbmWv aZy I¨hSw. {]Øm\§Ä Xsó t]mcSn¡pó ImgvNbpw \ap¡v apónepïv. Fómð Cu kmlNcy§fnepw Kpcphnsâ hN\§tfmSv 100 iXam\w \oXn ]peÀ¯m³ BWv inhKncn aTw {ian¡póXv. aäp {io \mcmbWob {]Øm\§Ä¡v- aqeyNypXn Dïmbt¸mgpw AXnð \nóv hyXykvXambn \ne\nð¡m³ aT¯n\p Ignªn«pïv. AXnð Hcp kwibhpw thï. kóymkn ]c¼cbv¡v ]cnanXnIfpïv. `uXnI PohnXw \bn¡póhsc t]mse Fñmw s]mXp kaql¯n\p ap³]nð hnfn¨p ]dbm³ Ignbnñ. ]e aX hn`mK§fnð \nópÅhÀ¡pw B{ibamWv inhKncn. F´nt\sd k\ymk kaql¯nð t]mepw aäp aX§fnð \nópÅhÀ Dïv, AhÀ¡pw Xpñy {]m[m\yamWv aT¯nð. icmicn aebmfnIÄ¡v apónð Kpcphns\ {]Xn\n[m\w sN¿póXv FkvF³Un]nbmWv. A§sb t]mse DÅhÀ ]ckyambpw shŸÅnsb FXnÀ¡póp. kapZmb AwK§Ä¡v CXnð Hcp sshcp[yw ^oð sN¿n-tñ? CXnð aThpw FkvF³Un]nbpw X½nð DÅ hyXymkw AdnbmsX t]mIpóXnsâ Ipg¸w Dïv. aTw FkvF³Un]nbpsS {_môv Añ. cïpw KpcptZh³ Øm]n¨ {]Øm\§Ä FóXn\¸pdw {]hÀ¯\¯nð Hcp kmayXbpw Cñ. cïn\pw Htc e£y§Ä BWv DÅsX¦nepw amÀ¤w hyXykvXambn. aTw Hcn¡epw tbmKs¯ XÅn¸dªn«nñ. Hmtcm ImeL«§fnepw {]Øm\§fnð hyànIfpsS hnIeXIÄ Dïmbn«pïv. AXns\ tNmZyw sN¿póXv {]Øm\s¯ XÅn ]dbembn hymJym\n¡ï. \n§Ä Fsó hyàn]cambn Ipäs¸Sp¯pt¼mÄ AXv aTs¯ Ipäw ]dbpóXmbn Rm³ ImWpónñ. Hmtcm ImeL«¯nepw DïmIpó amäw Bbpw FkvF³Un]nbpsS Ct¸mgs¯ AhØsb ImWmw. am[ya§Ä¡v t]mepw aqeyNypXn Dïmbntñ. sSenhnj³ CñmXncpó tIcf¯nð 15-20 Nm\epIfmbn. ChbpsS C³^vfph³kpw km[mcW¡msc Gsd _m[n¡pw. Ct¸mÄ tkmjyð aoUnbbpw cwK¯v F¯n. CXnsâ KpWhiambn ]ïs¯ ImÄ thK¯nð P\w Imcy§Ä kXyw Xncn¨dnbpw FóXpw ImWmXncpóp IqSm. kz´w \ne\nð¸n\p thïnbmWv shÅm¸ÅnbpsS cmjv{Sob N§m¯w Fóv IqSn A§bpsS hm¡pIfnð \nóv Duln¡mtam? aTw cmjv{Sob Imcy§fnð CSs]Smdnñ. ]s£ FkvF³Un]n AXnsâ amÀ¤¯nð \nópw hyXnNen¡pIbmWv. KpcptZhsâ ktµiw Ct¸mÄ FkvF³Un]nbpsS \b§fnð {]Xn^en¡pónñ. NmXpÀ hÀWyw Hs¡ aS§n hcptam Fóv `bt¡ï \mfpIfnð BWv \½Ä Pohn¡póXv. shÅm¸Ån kz´w Xmð¸-cy-§Ä¡mbn kwLS\sb D]tbmKn¡póp Fóv ]dbmXncn¡m³ BInñ. CXv Ct¸mÄ Añ ap³]pw Rm³ ]dªn«pïv. F¦nð F´v sImïv CXv Xpdóp Im«m³ ]äpónñ? Fñmw am²ya§Ä \nb{´n¡pó Hcp Imew BWnt¸mÄ. AhnsSbpw aqey¯n\p hnebnñmXmIpóp. ]Ww kIe Imcy§fpw GsäSp¡póp. ]Ww hm§nbmtWm hmÀ¯IÄ t]mepw ]pd¯p hcpóXv Fsó\n¡p Adnbnñ. kXy¯n\p hnebnñmXmIpóp. {]Xo£ t]mepw C\n thsïómtWm? A§s\ ]dbm³ ]änñ . CsXms¡ {]IrXn \nbaamWv. amäw XoÀ¨bmbpw DïmIpw. `mcX Ejn ]c¼c F{Xtbm Bbncw hÀj§fmbn \ne\nð¡póXmWv. {InkvXphn\pw \_n¡pw _p²\pw hymk\pw {iocmalwk\pw Hs¡ tijw ZmÀin\nI ktµiw In«nb {io\mcmbW Kpcphnsâ Aaqey ktµi§Ä Hópw hrYmhnemhnñ. acpXz aebnð X]kv sNbvXp t\Snb t{ijvTX BWXv. `uXnI PnhnXw \bn¡pó HcmÄs¡mópw AsXmópw XIÀ¡m³ ]änñ. XoÀ¨bmbpw {]Xo£ apdpsI ]nSn¡pI Xsó thWw. tIcf¯nð FkvF³Un]n AS¡w krjvSn¡pó cmjv{Sob amäw F§s\ ho£n¡póp? R§Ä cmjv{Sobs¯ A\pZn\w hnebncp¯m³ {ian¡mdnñ. F¦nepw PmXn cmjv{Sobw {]_eamIpIbmWv tIcf¯nð. AXnð Fñm hn`mKw cmjv{Sob-¡mÀ¡pw ]¦pïv. PmXn t\m¡n aÞe§fnð Øm\mÀ°nIÄ AhXcn¡pó \m«nð C\n cmjv{Sob¯nð PmXn Dtïm Fóv tNmZn¡póXv t]mepw hyÀYamWv. cmjv{S tkh\w adóp t\Xm¡Ä Ahcnð \nóv {]Xo£n¡pó ASnØm\ tbmKyXIÄ¡pw Xmsg t]mIpóp. aTw \ðIpó ktµiw cmjv{Sob CSs]Sen\v Cñ FóXmWv. aTw ØnXn sN¿pó hÀ¡e aWvUe¯n\p thm«p tXSn CSXp, heXp, _nsP]n kJyw Fñmw F¯mdpïv. F´n\p t\mant\j³ \ðIm³ t]¸dpIÄ ]qPn¡m³ t]mepw Chscms¡ F¯mdpïv. sslµhÀ cmjv{Sobambn tIcf¯nð hôn¡s¸«pthm? CtX¡pdn¨v hyàambn ]dbm³ ]änñ. {io\mcmbW Kpcp F´ns\ FXnÀ¯pthm AXv IqSpXð iàambn Xncn¨p hcpóp. aX Nn´ iàambn Ct¸mgpw tIcf kaql¯nð \ne\nð¡póp. CXv Hcp Zpc´ambn ]cnWan¡pw. aXm[n]Xyw DïmIm³ C\n ImeXmakw htó¡nñ. Fñm aX§fpw cmjv{Sobs¯ D]tbmKn¨v XpS§nbncn¡póp. PmXn taðt¡mbvabpsS AXn {]kcw BWnt¸mÄ. ]pXnb Xeapdbnð BWnt¸mÄ CXv IqSpXepw. AhÀ thK¯nð aZy¯n\pw hiw hZcmIpóp. At¸mÄ Ahsc \n£n]vX Xmð¸cy¡mÀ¡v A\mbmkw D]tbmKn¡mw. Kpcp hnizmknIÄ PmXn ]dbcpXv. \m\m PmXn aXØÀ inhKncnbnð hóp t]mIpópïv. Cugh\mbn P\n¨mð {io\cb\obÀ BInñ FóXv IqSnbmWv Ct¸mÄ aTw ]Tn¸n¡póXv-. temIw aX]cambn IqSpXð inYneamIpIbmWv. Hcp ]s£ KpcptZh³ C¡mcyw ap³Iq«n Iïncn¡mw. Cu Nn´bnð Kpcp ktµiw temIw H«msI {]Ncn¡póXnð ImenI {]kànbpw Dïv. CXn\mbn F´mWv aT¯nsâ ]²XnIÄ? PmXnbnñ Fóv Kpcp ]dªp t]mbXnsâ iXm_vZn hÀjamWnt¸mÄ. CXn\mbn inhKncn aTw temIw F§pw {]NmcW ]cn]mSnIÄ kwLSn¸n¡póp. Atacn¡bnepw bqtdm¸nepw `mcX¯nepw Hs¡ Cu ]cn]mSnIÄ kPoham-Wv. "s]mcpXp Pbn¸Xp Akm[yw ]caX hmZnbnð HmÀ¯nSmsX ]mtg s]mcpXp s]menªnSpw Fó _p²n thWw'' Fó tÇmI¯nð KpcptZh³ aX¯nsâ t]cnð DÅ Iels¯ hyÀ°Xbmbn Nn{XoIcn¡póp. Hcp aX¯n\pw asämónsâ t]cnð B[n]Xyw Øm]n¡m³ Ignbnsñóncns¡ F´n\p \mw shdpsX Ieln¡póp FómWv Kpcphnsâ tNmZyw. aXw Bß-\njvTamWv. Ielw `uXnIhpw. {InkvXp tZh³ aXw krjvSn¨nñ, \_nbpw. lnµp aXhpw A§s\ Xsó. Kpcp¡òmÀ kXyÀXnIÄ Bbncpóp. ]nóoSv ]pdsI F¯nbhÀ AXnð Iel¯nsâ hn¯v ]mIn. DZml-cWambn \m«nð \nópw eï\nð F¯m³ BImi amÀ¤¯nepw ISð amÀ¤¯nepw Ic amÀ¤¯nepw Ignbpw. AXv e£yamWv. AhnsS F¯nbmð ]nsó amÀ¤w {][m\añ. aXw kw_Ôn¨ Imcy¯nepw AXmWv- DïmbXv. AXn\mð CXns\Xnsc temI hym]I ktµiw DbÀ¯m³ aTw hn]peamb ]²XnIÄ \S¸m¡pIbmWv. aZy¯n\p FXnsc t]mcm«w thWsaóv ]dª Kpcphnsâ kz]v-\w km-£mXv¡cn¡m³ aT¯n\p Fs´¦nepw ]²XnIÄ D-tïm tI-c-f-¯nð? Cñ, cïp hÀjambn \S¡pó NÀ¨ BWnXv. kÀ¡mÀ aZy \ntcm[\w Fó Bib¯nte¡v F¯póXnð hyàn]cambn F\n¡pw kzm[o\w sNep¯m³ Ignªn«pïv FómWv [mcW. ImkÀtKmUv- apXð Xncph\´]pcw hsc PmXn clnX tIcfw, aZy clnX kaqlw Fó ktµiw DbÀ¯n Hmtcm Ihe tXmdpw {]kwKn¨p Rm³ \S¯nb bm{Xbpw k^eambncpóp. KpcptZh³ 1903 ð FkvF³Un]n cq]oIcn¡pt¼mÄ IrXyamb amÀ¤ \nÀt±iw \ðInbncpóp. PmXn aX ]cnKW\ IqSmsX BÀ¡pw AwK§Ä BImambncpóp. ]nóoSv Ft¸mtgm CughÀ¡v am{Xambn {]mXn\n[yw Npcp§n. CtX Ipdn¨v hyk\n¨ Kpcp tUm. ]ð¸phn\p I¯v FgpXn. tbmKt¯mSv hnS, Fsâ tUmIvSÀ AhÀIÄ¡pw FómWv B I¯v Bcw`n¡póXv. tbmK¯n\v kw`hn¡pó Imcyw Kpcp ZoÀL ZÀi\w sNbvXncn¡mw. CtX XpSÀóv asä´p hgn Fó Nn´bnemWv 1927 ð At±lw [À½ kwLw cq]oIcn¡póXv. Fñmhscbpw DÄs¡mÅWw Fó Nn´tbmsS. C¡mcyw Hs¡ AdnbmhpóhÀ BWv Ct¸mÄ F´n\mWv inhKncn Fó tNmZyw Dóbn¡pó-Xv. F¦nepw aThpw tbmKhpw 2 hgn¡v t]m-IpóXv icnbmtWm? km[mcmW P\¯n\p Að¸w ktµlw Dïm¡pó Imcyw BWnXv. Fómð aThpw tbmKhpw cïv BsWóXmWv kXyw. cïn\pw ]ckv¸c _Ôw Cñ. `uXnI hmZnItfmsSm¸w kóyknIÄ¡v {]hÀ¯n¡m³ Ignbnñ. Fómð cïp {]Øm-\-§fpw Dóbn¡pó e£yw HómbXn\mð ]ckv¸c ]qcIambn {]hÀ¯n¡m³ Ignªmð AXv XsóbmWv \ñXpw. kzman izm-izXo-Im-\µ kzmanIfpsS acWw C¿nsS hoïpw NÀ¨ sN¿s¸«p. {]-Im-im\µ kzmanIÄ {][m\ a{´nsbbpw Iïp. C¡mcy¯nð \nKqUX amdm³ C\nbpw kabw FSp¡ptam? C¡mcy¯nð Ct¸mÄ IqSpXð hyàX Hópw Cñ. ASp¯ Ime¯pw ss{Iw {_môv DtZymKØÀ aT¯nð F¯n sXfnhv FSp¯ncpóp. AXn\p tijw Hcp Adnhpw Cñ. kw`h¯nð \nKqUX DsïóXv kXyamWv, AXv F{Xbpw thKw amtdïXpw BWv. acWw kw_Ôn¨v kaql¯n\p DÅ sXän²mcW amtdïXv XsóbmWv. Ct¸mÄ XncsªSp¸v IemamWv. inhKncn aTw Adntªm AdnbmsXtbm cmjv{Sobambn sslPm¡v sN¿s¸Sptam? Hcn¡epanñ. C¡mcy¯nð Hcn¡epw sXäv ]änñ. aTw Fópw cmjv{Sob¯nð \nópw AIsebmWv. cmjv{Sob¡mÀ¡v ASnbdhp hbv¡m³ ]änb Bcpw AhnsS Cñ? tIm«bw Pnñbnse ]qªmdnemWv kzmanbpsS ]qÀÆm{ia PohnX Imew. 1990 IfnemWv inhKncnbnð F¯póXv. Ggp hÀjs¯ t]mÌv- {KmtPzj³ tImgvkv sNbvXmWv kóymk Zo£ kzoIcn¡póXv. XpSÀóv KwtKm{Xnbpw Ejn tIipambn \nc´cw Ae¨nð. tbmK amÀ¤hpw Bbn _Ôs¸«pw {]hÀ¯n¨p. A¡mes¯ A\p`h k¼¯v hnhcWmXoXamWv. lnameb km\p¡fnð GIm´ hmkhpw \S¯n. Ipd¨p Imew Atacn¡bnepw Kpcp [À½ tkh\w ]qÀ¯nbm¡n. Ct¸mÄ 4 hÀjambn Kpcp [À½ {]Nmc k`bpsS sk{I«dnbpw inhKncn aThpambn _Ôs¸« Imcy§fnð Gähpw A[nIw s]mXp kw¼À¡w \S¯pó kóymk hcy\pw Fó \nebnemWv Ct±lw {i²n¡s¸Spó-Xv. \nch[n teJ\ ]c¼cIÄ ssIImcyw sN¿pó Ct±lw ]chqÀ shSns¡«v- Zpc´ tijw Kpcp hmIyw D²cn¨p Icnacpópw Icnhoc\pw BNmc¯nsâ `mKañ Fóv \S¯nb \nco£Ww tIcfw H«msI {i²n¨ncpóp. Kpcp [À½ {]Nmc k`bpsS {]hÀ¯\w iàam¡pIbmWv Ct¸mÄ e£yw. aZyw sXmSm¯ BÀ¡pw CXnð AwKw BImw. apónð shñphnfnIÄ GsdbmWv- Fóv Cu k\ymk hcy\v Adnbmw, ]s£ `uXnI hmZnIsf t]mse AsXmópw At±ls¯ `bs¸Sp¯pónñ.

Pq¬ 26 \v amô-ÌÀ Xncp-óm-fn-\v sImSn-tbdpw; amÀ ]pó-t¡m-«nð apJym-XnYn; _nPp \mcm-b-Wsâ Km\-taf; ASn-s]m-fn-bm-¡m³ Hcp§n bpsI-bnse ae-bm-äqÀ

bpsI-bnse ae-bm-äqÀ Fó-dn-b-s¸-Spó amô-ÌÀ hnYn³tjm ]Ån-bnse Xncp-ómÄ HcmgvN BtLm-j-]qÀÆw sImïm-Spw. Pq¬ 26 \v sImSn-tb-äpó Xncp-óm-fnð tImX-aw-Kew cq]Xm

{io-\m-c-b-Wo-bÀ H-gp-In F-¯n;Kp-cp-kv-a-c-W-I-fnð \ndªv Hm-Iv-kvv-t^mÀ-Uv; Ip-Spw-ss_-iz-cy ]q-P-bv-¡v h³ P-\-{]-hmlw

Kp-cp-kv-a-c-W-I-fnð \ndªv PmXnaX hyXymkanñmsX bpsIbnse aebmfn k-aq-lw Cóse HmIvkvt^mÀUnte-¡v HgpInsb¯n. tkh\w bpsIbpsS Hómw hmÀjnI B-tLm-jhpw tkh\w bpsI tdUntbmbpsS HutZymKnI DZvLmS\hpw D-Zv-Lm-S-\-¯nepw ]-s&br

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dnbð FtÌäv

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hnhml hmÀjnIw

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PòZn\w

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kn\na

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ImÀ«q¬

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t\mhð

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IhnX

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kvt]mÀSvkv

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aWn Sn-]vkv

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